True Grit and Early Sports Specialization


It takes grit to become an elite-level athlete. Not every athlete has it. And it can’t be developed without internal motivation.

Both of my kids began swimming at a young age. My daughter began swimming with a year-round team at age 5, while my son began swimming at age 8. (He’s three years older).

They did do other activities for a few years before they decided to specialize. And that is the key: they decided. My son was running between t-ball, tennis, karate and swimming and felt like he wasn’t making progress in any of them. He got the swimming bug and wanted to compete. So, we dropped the other sports.

My daughter was being shuttled between the ballet studio and the pool. She honestly thought that ballet was some weird form of punishment — especially putting on pink tights and a black leotard in the 110 degree heat — while her brother got to dive into the pool!


I just listened to a podcast by Ritter Sports Performance on early sports specialization and the main thing I took away was that an athlete has to be internally motivated. They can’t be putting in the hours and training to please their parents or their coach.  If they have the passion and are hardwired to compete at their sport, then they will reach the elite level regardless when they start.

In swimming, two examples are Rowdy Gaines and Ed Moses, who both started late in high school. They did a lot of other sports before they found the pool. Once they started swimming they excelled and loved it.

(photo: my kids on the swim team many years ago)

So, why do we insist on sports specialization a young age? It’s because some sports like swimming take a lot of time to develop technique. Parents naturally want their kids to have a head start.

Then there’s the 10,000 rule from Outliers: The Story of Success that it takes 10,000 hours of practice to be good at something.  But, an interesting theory is that it’s not the quantity, but the quality of practice. You can’t be looking at the clock waiting for practice to be over. You have to be in the moment giving it your all.

There are certain guidelines that kids should do a lot of different activities before they specialize, but that by the time they turn 12 or 13 years old they need to focus on one sport.

I say, follow your kids’ lead. They will know what sport ignites their passion. By allowing them to follow their passion, they can develop the grit it takes to be successful.

What sports are your children in and at what age did they specialize?


10 thoughts on “True Grit and Early Sports Specialization

  1. I agree. I have twin daughters who at 5 began dance lessons. By 7, one of the girls dropped dance in favor of gymnastics ( a sport way off our radar). Three years later, she is as self-motivated and fully committed to the sport as any child her age can be. Neither my husband nor I were child athletes, so this experience has been a surprise. She nurtures Olympic dreams and is now homeschooled as a full time gymnast. We will support her until she says otherwise. To use your term, she was “sport specialized,” or hard-wired to be a gymnast at a very young age. It’s bizarre, to say the least.

  2. It seems like just yesterday when your babies got the swimming bug. The dedication that not only they put in over the years, but all the time you and Bill put in driving to practice, meets, competitions, fund raisers– you are all dedicated to each other–and THAT makes you very very special!

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