What makes people happier? Dogs or cats?



I’m a cat owner. My cat is Olive and she’s going on eight years. We got her when my son left for college, because he’s allergic to cats. Olive is really my daughter’s kitty, but she didn’t take Olive to the snow in Salt Lake City during college, even though she’d do well with all her fur and polydactyl paws. We figured Olive likes her life here and I don’t think she’d do well to move to a new house. So, Olive remains my only pet now. I like it that way.

In an article by Christopher Ingraham called “Dog owners are much happier than cat owners, survey finds” published in the Washington Post, he quotes lots of statistics that basically say that there’s little difference between pet owners and non-pet owners, but a huge difference in happiness between dog and cat lovers.

The well-respected survey that’s been a barometer of American politics, culture and behavior for more than four decades finally got around to the question that has bedeviled many a household.

Dog or cat?

In 2018, the General Social Survey for the first time included a battery of questions on pet ownership. The findings not only quantified the nation’s pet population — nearly 6 in 10 households have at least one —they made it possible to see how pet ownership overlaps with all sorts of factors of interest to social scientists.

Like happiness.

For starters, there is little difference between pet owners and non-owners when it comes to happiness, the survey shows. The two groups are statistically indistinguishable on the likelihood of identifying as “very happy” (a little over 30 percent) or “not too happy” (in the mid-teens).

But when you break the data down by pet type — cats, dogs or both — a stunning divide emerges: Dog owners are about twice as likely as cat owners to say they’re very happy, with people owning both falling somewhere in between.

Dog people, in other words, are slightly happier than those without any pets. Those in the cat camp, on the other hand, are significantly less happy than the pet-less. And having both appears to cancel each other out happiness-wise. (Since someone’s bound to ask, it isn’t possible to do this same type of analysis for say, rabbit owners or lizard owners or fish owners, since there aren’t enough of those folks in the survey to make a statistically valid sample).

These differences are quite large: The happiness divide between dog and cat owners is bigger than the one between people who identify as middle and upper class, and nearly as large as the gap between those who say they’re in “fair” versus “good or excellent” health.

However, correlation doesn’t equal causation, and there are probably a number of other differences between dog and cat owners that account for some of the differences. The General Social Survey data show that dog owners, for instance, are more likely to be married and own their own homes than cat owners, both factors known to affect happiness and life satisfaction.

Previous research on this topic yielded mixed results. In 2006, the Pew Research Center found no significant differences in happiness between pet owners and non-pet owners, or cat and dog owners. However, that survey did not distinguish between people who owned “only” a dog or a cat, and those who owned “either” a dog or a cat, potentially muddying the distinctions between exclusive dog and cat owners.

2016 study of dog and cat owners, on the other hand, yielded greater happiness ratings for dog owners relative to cat people. It attributed the contrast, at least in part, to differences in personality: Dog owners tended to be more agreeable, more extroverted and less neurotic than cat owners. And a 2015 studylinked the presence of a cat in the home to fewer negative emotions, but not necessarily an increase in positive ones.

We’ve always had dogs, too, but currently are empty-nesters as far as the pups go. My daughter has Waffles the pug, who I get to babysit occasionally. I raised him from puppyhood for several months until she was able to come home and take him.  It’s kind of what I think grand-parenting will be like. I love having Waffles around and then I miss him when he’s gone. But, I don’t miss the daily responsibility.

Growing up we had big dogs. Golden retrievers, a doberman, German shorthair pointers and a yellow lab. As an adult, my husband and I got Natasha as a gift from good friends. She was a rottie and a housewarming gift for our first home. That was before kids and she did make us happy. She was our baby.


Natasha and my kids

Next pet was when someone found a kitten in their car engine on their way to work, and I ended up taking the poor sweet kitty home. That was Peabody, our second pet named for the cartoon series Rocky and Bullwinkle. Next came Sherman, who was a black cat that lived with us from kitten-hood to 17 years old when she wandered out of our yard and got attacked by the neighbor’s dog. Ugh. After we said good-bye to Natasha, we got Angus from Guide Dogs of the Desert. (I wrote about Angus here.) Angus lived until the ripe old age of 15.


Angus and Sherman

It’s so hard to say good-bye. It’s not fair that our pets live such short lives. I have two friends that lost their best friends in the past few weeks. One lost Beckham, her Aussie and another lost her glorious golden last week at eight years old. My heart grieves for them both.


Lola (RIP) center, with Waffles and Gracie.

What is your opinion on dogs versus cats? Do you have either or both and do they make you happy?


8 thoughts on “What makes people happier? Dogs or cats?

  1. I’ve had a cat that fetched like a dog. He was so special. We’ve had cats that peed on the furniture when upset. Hmmm. The dogs have never stress piddled on the sofa. So our dogs think we are better than anything. The cats love ya when they choose . I love them both, cats and dogs. Woof. Woof woof. Did I say that?

    • Good points! My Olive cat got stressed with Waffles when I was pup-sitting for a few months. She developed an UTI and caused an amazing amount of damage! Clearly some benefits to well-trained dogs!

    • Thanks for commenting. I’ve had several cats adopt me. Once when I was a child and then later on. Sherman kept eyeing us around at the animal shelter in the “cat house.” Currently, we have a stray who cries outside our window every night!

  2. I’m not sure why the “cats vs dogs” thing is such an argument. Cats and dogs are very different animals, but they get compared so often, possibly because they are both four-legged furry house pets. But I think when people start arguing over which pet is superior, it seems like they have such strong opinions because they are expecting dogs to be like cats, or cats to be like dogs. I personally like both, and I think either can make people happy, they just do it in different ways.
    When I was a kid, I had a dog and some cats. I’d like to have both in my home again someday, but for now, I only have a cat…which leads people to see me as a “strictly cat person”. But in reality, the only reason I don’t have a dog is because I live in a walk-up apartment, on the third floor, so it just wouldn’t be practical, and unfair to a dog, who would need a lot more outside time.

    • I agree with you that they are very different creatures. I like my cat’s independence and I am thrilled when she feels the need to jump on my lap and snuggle in. It’s like a privilege that she’s giving me attention! I am a dog and cat person, too. Thanks for commenting!

  3. I grew up with dogs. Big dogs. A chow, a lab, then a labradoodle who my mom still has (he’s becoming an old man now) and who I cherish.

    I got a cat in college because we weren’t allowed to have pets in my house and a cat was easier to hide than a dog. Simple as that. And she’s the best cat ever. She loves people. She follows me from room to room. She knows what time I get home and waits in the window for me; if I come home early I know I’ve surprised her because she will come running from somewhere else in the house. She sleeps with me at night. She’s not a dog, but she often acts like one.

    I don’t think I’m a “dog person” or a “cat person.” I love them both and I’m pretty happy! I will have a dog someday, but not until I move out of the city and have a yard with a fence!

    • I loved hearing about your dogs and cats! I know a lot of my daughter’s friends got cats in college for the same reason as you. Also, they are not as hard to take care of as dogs. I like dogs and cats, too!

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